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Bougainvillea

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Helpful articles

Plant search results (not used). (not used).

Selecting plants for your garden. This article describes how you can best select plants for your garden.

Native grasses and friends. An exciting thing is happening in the world of Australian plants. Wild species that have tantalised gardeners in the past are now being improved to create a diverse palette of new varieties that offer all kinds of advantages. In particular, the necessity for water-wise, low maintenance gardens has inspired interest in plants that can be used as ground covers that will not only suppress weeds and erosion but also look fantastic.

Native Hibiscus. An ever increasing interest in native hibiscus has led to the horticultural development of a number of new cultivars which rival the exotic types in beauty and flower size.

Plant description

bougainvillea bougainvillea wall

bougainvillea bougainvillea standard variegated

bougainvillea bougainvillea climbing

Bougainvilleas are thorny, woody perennial climbing vines that are popular for their very colourful displays of flowers, pest and disease resistance, and salt and dryness tolerance. They are evergreen in warm moist conditions, but can be deciduous if there is a dry season. There are many different cultivars, in different colours and growth habits. The colourful part of the flower is the bract which surrounds the small white flower.

Bougainvilleas will grow over anything that will give the sturdy stems support, from trees, verandahs, fences and trelisses. They can also be grown as plants that will spill down over banks and walls. Small varieties can be grown as pendulous ornamentals, and they can be trimmed and trained as standard plants. Different varieties have different growth rates, from slow to very rapid. One problem with bougainvilleas can be the long sharp thorns, which can make pruning a chore. The thorns also need to be considered for the siting of the plant, so that they don't become a hazard. There are varieties with fewer and smaller thorns.

Bougainvilleas are best suited to warm, frost free areas, and can flower all year round in tropical climates. They are drought tolerant once established, and too much water can set back their growth. They like a sunny postion and regular fertiliser. They can be grown in a partial shaded postion, but this may decrease the flowering somewhat.

Additional plant information

Flowers

Flower colour: white, pink, red, purple, mauve, yellow, oran
Flowering season: spring summer autumn

Plant size

Maximum height: 12 metres
Minimum height: 1 metres

Maximum width: not specified
Minimum width: not specified

Sunlight, frost & salt tolerance

This plant will tolerate full or partial sunlight.
Light frost tolerance.
Plant is salt tolerant.

Fauna attracting?

Not specified.

Climate

This plant species will grow in the following climates: temperate, subtropical, tropical.

Soil types & conditions

Loam: dry, moist, well-drained.

Clay: well-drained.

Sand: dry, moist, well-drained.

Miscellaneous information

Planting season: Any.

Types of fertiliser: Good general purpose.

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