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Dimocarpus longan 'Haew' (Longan tree)

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Helpful articles

How to choose a new fence. Five important tips on how to choose a fence.

Stone Gabion fencing and retaining walls. Gabion is a wire basket or wire form, filled with stones and shaped into a fence or retaining wall type structure. Read this article to learn more.

Garden Themes. This article describes various garden themes that should work well within Australia.

Native grasses and friends. An exciting thing is happening in the world of Australian plants. Wild species that have tantalised gardeners in the past are now being improved to create a diverse palette of new varieties that offer all kinds of advantages. In particular, the necessity for water-wise, low maintenance gardens has inspired interest in plants that can be used as ground covers that will not only suppress weeds and erosion but also look fantastic.

Plant description

dimocarpus longan longan tree(3)

The longan tree is an evergreen tropical tree that is native to south east Asia, and it bears edible fruit. It is a close relative of the lychee, which it resembles. It is a decorative tree, with glossy foliage, a dense canopy and corky furrowed bark. They can grow to around 10 metres tall and wide.

Haew is a late maturing cultivar. The fruit is medium to large, is high quality, with a small seed.

The longan prefers a deep, well drained, fertile soil. It tolerates periods of dryness but will bear better when regularly watered and fed. It is relatively pest and disease free. The longan needs a period of colder weather to initiate flowering, but is not frost hardy.

It bears delicious fruit that is refreshing and musky sweet. It resembles an eyeball, as the flesh is translucent white, encasing a shiny black seed. The shell is papery brown and easy to peel when mature. The fruit needs to ripen on the tree, as it doesn't ripen further when picked.

Additional plant information

Flowers

Flower colour: Yellow
Flowering season: summer autumn

Plant size

Maximum height: 10 metres
Minimum height: not specified

Maximum width: 8 metres
Minimum width: not specified

Sunlight, frost & salt tolerance

This plant will tolerate full or partial sunlight.
Light frost tolerance.
Plant is not salt tolerant.

Fauna attracting?

Yes. Attracts: Birds, fruit bats.

Climate

This plant species will grow in the following climates: temperate, subtropical, tropical.

Soil types & conditions

Loam: moist, well-drained.

Clay: moist, well-drained.

Sand: moist.

Soil pH: 5.5-6.0

Miscellaneous information

Planting season: Any.

Types of fertiliser: Good general purpose.

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