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Araucaria heterophylla (Norfolk Island Pine)

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Helpful articles

Best Australian natives for pots & small gardens. The trend towards smaller gardens has inspired the plant lovers in the nursery industry to respond with an ever-increasing range of Australian plants that will delight those who want to attract birds and butterflies and bring a little bit of the bush onto their balconies. From banksias to bottlebrush there are plants that will add colour and texture to provide year round interest.

A lawn to envy in 6 easy steps. Six step lawn maintenance guide.

Stone Gabion fencing and retaining walls. Gabion is a wire basket or wire form, filled with stones and shaped into a fence or retaining wall type structure. Read this article to learn more.

Bulletproof landscape plants. Not all plants are equal. Many require the soil and climate (amongst other things) to be 'just right'. The plants described in this article are the ones that deserve the title of 'bulletproof' and are a good starting point for an easy-care garden.

Plant description

araucaria heterophylla norfolk island pine 001

araucaria heterophylla norfolk island pine 002

araucaria heterophylla norfolk island pine 003

araucaria heterophylla norfolk island pine 004

araucaria heterophylla norfolk island pine 005

araucaria heterophylla norfolk island pine 006

araucaria heterophylla norfolk island pine 007

araucaria heterophylla norfolk island pine 008

A very large, stately specimen tree that is particularly useful for exposed coastal positions. Its pyramidal shape is its very distinctive feature but it should be stressed that this tree needs a lot of space and should not be planted within 10 metres of any structures. It needs no regular pruning although I have seen this plant used as a hedge once. It also makes a very good Christmas tree when grown in a  pot.

Further reading: Australian Native Trees and Top Gum Trees for Gardens (articles written by native plant expert Angus Stewart).

Additional plant information

Flowers

Flower colour: green
Flowering season: summer

Plant size

Maximum height: 35 metres
Minimum height: 25 metres

Maximum width: 15 metres
Minimum width: 10 metres

Sunlight, frost & salt tolerance

This plant will tolerate full sunlight.
Light frost tolerance.
Plant is salt tolerant.

Fauna attracting?

Yes. Attracts: Birds.

Climate

This plant species will grow in the following climates: temperate, subtropical, tropical.

Soil types & conditions

Loam: dry, moist, well-drained.

Clay: dry, well-drained.

Sand: dry, moist, well-drained.

Soil pH: 5.5-6.5

Miscellaneous information

Native to: Australia.

Planting season: not specified.

Types of fertiliser: low phosphorus native plant fertiliser.

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