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Araucaria heterophylla (Norfolk Island Pine)

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Helpful articles

Planning your garden. Learn how to design a garden using a step-by-step approach.

How to plant. Learn how to plant correctly. Planting correctly will not only get your garden off to a flying start, but it will also ensure that your plants's root systems develop as healthily as possible, maximising their long-term stability.

Native grasses and friends. An exciting thing is happening in the world of Australian plants. Wild species that have tantalised gardeners in the past are now being improved to create a diverse palette of new varieties that offer all kinds of advantages. In particular, the necessity for water-wise, low maintenance gardens has inspired interest in plants that can be used as ground covers that will not only suppress weeds and erosion but also look fantastic.

Fertilisers. Learn all about fertilisers, the different varieties and their applications.

Plant description

araucaria heterophylla norfolk island pine 001

araucaria heterophylla norfolk island pine 002

araucaria heterophylla norfolk island pine 003

araucaria heterophylla norfolk island pine 004

araucaria heterophylla norfolk island pine 005

araucaria heterophylla norfolk island pine 006

araucaria heterophylla norfolk island pine 007

araucaria heterophylla norfolk island pine 008

A very large, stately specimen tree that is particularly useful for exposed coastal positions. Its pyramidal shape is its very distinctive feature but it should be stressed that this tree needs a lot of space and should not be planted within 10 metres of any structures. It needs no regular pruning although I have seen this plant used as a hedge once. It also makes a very good Christmas tree when grown in a  pot.

Further reading: Australian Native Trees and Top Gum Trees for Gardens (articles written by native plant expert Angus Stewart).

Additional plant information

Flowers

Flower colour: green
Flowering season: summer

Plant size

Maximum height: 35 metres
Minimum height: 25 metres

Maximum width: 15 metres
Minimum width: 10 metres

Sunlight, frost & salt tolerance

This plant will tolerate full sunlight.
Light frost tolerance.
Plant is salt tolerant.

Fauna attracting?

Yes. Attracts: Birds.

Climate

This plant species will grow in the following climates: temperate, subtropical, tropical.

Soil types & conditions

Loam: dry, moist, well-drained.

Clay: dry, well-drained.

Sand: dry, moist, well-drained.

Soil pH: 5.5-6.5

Miscellaneous information

Native to: Australia.

Planting season: not specified.

Types of fertiliser: low phosphorus native plant fertiliser.

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