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Araucaria heterophylla (Norfolk Island Pine)

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Helpful articles

Winter Flowering Plants for the Garden. No Australian garden need be free of flowers in winter. Read this article to learn about some great winter flowering plants.

Find a plant for your garden or home. Search for plants and flowers visually, by name, flower colour and other attributes. Search for native plants, edible plants and popular exotics such as roses and petunias.

Fertilisers. Learn all about fertilisers, the different varieties and their applications.

Green walls (or Vertical Garden). Learn how to create an amazing vertical garden wall using a variety of plants including herbs.

Plant description

araucaria heterophylla norfolk island pine 006

araucaria heterophylla norfolk island pine 007

araucaria heterophylla norfolk island pine 008

araucaria heterophylla norfolk island pine 005

araucaria heterophylla norfolk island pine 004

araucaria heterophylla norfolk island pine 002

araucaria heterophylla norfolk island pine 003

araucaria heterophylla norfolk island pine 001

A very large, stately specimen tree that is particularly useful for exposed coastal positions. Its pyramidal shape is its very distinctive feature but it should be stressed that this tree needs a lot of space and should not be planted within 10 metres of any structures. It needs no regular pruning although I have seen this plant used as a hedge once. It also makes a very good Christmas tree when grown in a  pot.

Further reading: Australian Native Trees and Top Gum Trees for Gardens (articles written by native plant expert Angus Stewart).

Additional plant information

Flowers

Flower colour: green
Flowering season: summer

Plant size

Maximum height: 35 metres
Minimum height: 25 metres

Maximum width: 15 metres
Minimum width: 10 metres

Sunlight, frost & salt tolerance

This plant will tolerate full sunlight.
Light frost tolerance.
Plant is salt tolerant.

Fauna attracting?

Yes. Attracts: Birds.

Climate

This plant species will grow in the following climates: temperate, subtropical, tropical.

Soil types & conditions

Loam: dry, moist, well-drained.

Clay: dry, well-drained.

Sand: dry, moist, well-drained.

Soil pH: 5.5-6.5

Miscellaneous information

Native to: Australia.

Planting season: not specified.

Types of fertiliser: low phosphorus native plant fertiliser.

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