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Araucaria heterophylla (Norfolk Island Pine)

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Helpful articles

External privacy screens. External privacy screens began to appear in Australian residential and commercial building during the 1950's and 1960's, as a direct result of high density living and higher incomes. For more information and some examples read this article.

Grevilleas. Learn all about grevilleas from native plant expert Angus Stewart.

How to choose a new fence. Five important tips on how to choose a fence.

Microclimates in your garden. Did you know your whole garden may be a microclimate that allows you to grow plants that would not thrive on the other side of the street? Read this article to learn more.

Plant description

araucaria heterophylla norfolk island pine 001

araucaria heterophylla norfolk island pine 002

araucaria heterophylla norfolk island pine 003

araucaria heterophylla norfolk island pine 004

araucaria heterophylla norfolk island pine 005

araucaria heterophylla norfolk island pine 006

araucaria heterophylla norfolk island pine 007

araucaria heterophylla norfolk island pine 008

A very large, stately specimen tree that is particularly useful for exposed coastal positions. Its pyramidal shape is its very distinctive feature but it should be stressed that this tree needs a lot of space and should not be planted within 10 metres of any structures. It needs no regular pruning although I have seen this plant used as a hedge once. It also makes a very good Christmas tree when grown in a  pot.

Further reading: Australian Native Trees and Top Gum Trees for Gardens (articles written by native plant expert Angus Stewart).

Additional plant information

Flowers

Flower colour: green
Flowering season: summer

Plant size

Maximum height: 35 metres
Minimum height: 25 metres

Maximum width: 15 metres
Minimum width: 10 metres

Sunlight, frost & salt tolerance

This plant will tolerate full sunlight.
Light frost tolerance.
Plant is salt tolerant.

Fauna attracting?

Yes. Attracts: Birds.

Climate

This plant species will grow in the following climates: temperate, subtropical, tropical.

Soil types & conditions

Loam: dry, moist, well-drained.

Clay: dry, well-drained.

Sand: dry, moist, well-drained.

Soil pH: 5.5-6.5

Miscellaneous information

Native to: Australia.

Planting season: not specified.

Types of fertiliser: low phosphorus native plant fertiliser.

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