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Chelidonium majus, greater celandine, is a herbaceous perennial plant with four petalled yellow flowers. It grows from 30cms to around a metre high. It is used in herbal medicine, both the roots and the upper parts of the plant, though it can be toxic in moderate doses. The plant exudes a bright yellow to orange latex when cut, which can stain. The latex has been used externally for application to warts, corns and moles. The plant contains a range of isoquinoline alkaloids. Traditionally the plant has been used for a range of inflammatory diseases including atopic dermatitis. The root can be chewed to relieve toothache.
The plant grows in a wide range of soils and from full sun to shade. It prefers a moist soil and dappled shade.
This plant can become invasive, as it sets seed readily.
Flower colour: yellow
Flowering season: spring summer
Maximum height: 1.2 metres
Minimum height: 0.3 metres
Maximum width: 1 metres
Minimum width: not specified
This plant will tolerate full or partial sunlight.
Medium frost tolerance.
Plant is salt tolerant.
Yes. Attracts: Insects, bees.
This plant species will grow in the following climates: cool, temperate, subtropical, tropical.
Loam: dry, moist, well-drained.
Clay: moist, well-drained.
Sand: moist, well-drained.
Soil pH: 6.0-8.0
Planting season: Spring.
Types of fertiliser: not specified.